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Technical Notes

Forms

Gung Ji Fok Foo Kuen

Foo Hok Seung Ying

Ng Ying Kuen

Sap Ying Kuen

Tit Sin Kuen

Weapons

Masters

Lion Dance

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Hung Ga Forms



The principal forms which are taught in all schools are: Some of the other Forms studied in our school:
  • Lau Ga Kuen
  • Chum Sam Jeung
  • Woo Dip Jeung
  • Lau Ga Jeung
We study the use of different weapons in our school, such as:
  • stick (gwan) - Read Article
  • spear (cheung)
  • halberd (kwan do)
  • trident (daai pa)
  • broadsword (daan do) - Read Article
  • sword (gim)
  • butterfly knives (woo dip do)




Gung Ji Fok Fu Kuen


(boxing to submit tiger) Created in Siu Lam temple, it is the most ancient form of the style. His invention is attributed to the monk Ji Sin and it was elaborated by Hung Hei Gwoon. It is the first form which is taught to the practising as it contains all the basic techniques of the style as low kicks, hold techniques, punchs, techniques with opened hands, blocked and the "kiu sao". It is necessary training hard to execute this form well because it is very long and difficult. It helps the executor's determination and forms the character; physically strengthens him and the student starts learning to check the respiration well. (Read Article)

             




Foo Hok Seung Ying Kuen


(Tiger and Crane) It is considered the symbol form of style. Tiger and crane, in fact, are also the animals we find on the coat of arms of Hung Ga style. If Gung Ji forms the technical part Foo Hok forms the spiritual one. The G.M. Chiu Chi ling affirms that do not exist secrets to execute this form but it is important to understand animals' essence, deeply.
The creation of this form is attributed to Hung Hei Gwoon and his wife Fong Wing Chun who was expert in the crane style. The version we today know was elaborated and codified by Wong Fei Hung. The form is executed with many pauses and is characterized by the powerful movements of tiger (which is pure outside strength) and the agile and fast dodging movements of crane which, while they are executed, also exercise the balance very well. During the form, the crane interpretation exercises internal balance and athlete must strive himself to assume an internal attitude of quietness and calm. Instead tiger exercises in the athlete courage and decision. In the form are also executed some typical steps of Kung Fu like those of "drunkard" and "unicorn".




Ng Ying Kuen

(5 animals' boxing) This is one of more advanced forms of style. It studies the Five Siu Lam animals in their physical and mental aspects. The five animals are: dragon, tiger, leopard, crane, snake. The creation of this form is attributed to Luk Ah Choy, Wong Tai and Wong Kay Ying. This form is rather equal to the precedent (tiger and crane) but it is obviously different for the addition of other three animals. In particular for the first part which is inspired in the dragon. The martial artist starts examining, in detail, the study on control of internal energy, the control of respiration and the slow dynamic tension from which the study of static and dynamic QIGONG. Then he will pass to the snake with nimble and fast blows drawn with the tip of fingers to strike the opponent's cavities. Leopard is the incarnation of strength and speed. The blows are strong and quick and they are executed in sequence with the hand posed as leopard.


Tiger
Foo (cantonese)

Crane
Hok (cant.)

Snake
Se (cant.)

Dragon
Lung (cant.)

Leopard
Paau (cant.)




Sap Ying Kuen

(10 entities) This form is very similar, if we think only at the movements, to Ng Ying Kuen. Therefore it studies five animals but it continues with the study of five elements of Chinese philosophy: earth, metal, wood, fire and water.
Metal (GUM): coincides with the split fist given with the back of hand and all the arm is used as solid unity. It is also represented by the descending blows with both the arms.
Wood (MUK): is represented by the blocking techniques and fists simultaneously; It is characterized by short ray movements.

Water (SUI): the blows are long-range and executed with the back of fist in swing and burst, by several side. The movements are fluid and vertical.
Fire (FOH): in line and burst fists pulled quickly on short distance. It is known as "fist of sun" because the frontal part of fist draws the Chinese character of sun.
Earth (DEI): this element contains all the others. Stable positions with techniques that climb up from low to high, like uppercut and hooks. (In fact boxing is based on the feet, develops himself in the legs. It is directed by the belt and expressed with the hands).



Tit Sin Kuen

(litt: iron thread form) It is the highest and most difficult form of Hung Ga style. It is based on control of respiration and emission of sounds. Its name takes origin from its techniques which, for a correct execution, must be as hard as the iron and as soft as a thread. This form is a little finishing line for an Hung Ga athlete. The creation of this form is attributed to Tit Kiu Saam.
With this form the martial Hung Gar artist reaches the last aim as student and examines in detail the internal part of martial art; this is the true essence of Chinese martial arts. The emission of sounds expresses some emotions like happiness, anxiety, sadness and fear. Every sound is connected to a beneficent action aimed at a specific internal organ.

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